...the meaning of Sekar Jagad batik motif is?
The Sekar Jagad batik motif is a combination of various batik patterns as a symbol of the complete knowledge and expanded horizons of whomever wears it. This is why the Sekar Jagad is among those 'Kraton Batiks' that are commonly worn by the elderly. When it is worn by young people, the Sekar Jagad symbolizes a strong determination to enrich and increase one's knowledge. "
Museum House of Danar Hadi
…what N.V. stands for in Sampoerna's old company name?
N.V. stands for Naamlooze Vennootschap, which is Dutch for 'nameless partnership.' In business this phrase is used to describe a type of business firm that is owned by a few shareholders and not designated under an individual, but can be transfered. Given its definition, firms that use this designation can trade its stock in the stockmarket. In Indonesia, Naamlooze Vennootschap has been renamed as 'Perusahaan Terbatas' or 'Limited Corporation.' In 1930, each package of stocks in N.V. Handels Maastchapij Sampoerna was equal to 100 stocks worth a total of 100,000 Dutch guilder, or equal to IDR730,446,930.15 at the current exchange rate.
Museum House of Sampoerna
…why there is a symbol of Nederlandsche Handel Maatschappij on the Bank Mandiri Museum building?
The museum building, which sits on a 10,039 square meters land, was initially built as the headquarters of the Nederlandsche Handel Maatschappij (NHM), a company dealing in trade, shipping and plantation. The company was founded in 1824 on the initiative of King Willem I to replace the position of the VOC in the Dutch Indies. Eventually NHM grew to become a company that dealt in banking. Aside from Batavia, NHM buildings were also established in other cities including Medan, Semarang and Surabaya. This logo can be seen on the mosaic glass which decorates the facade of the Bank Mandiri Museum.
Museum Bank Mandiri
…where the biggest sulfur mine in Indonesia is?
One of the most commonly utilized volcanic materials is sulfur, which is used for things like cosmetics, medicines and bleaches. The largest sulfur mine in Indonesia is in Mt. Ijen crater. This mine produces at least 14 tons of sulfur every day, which is actually only 20% of its true potential.
…the meaning of the horned snail figure on the Harihara statue?
The Harihara statue symbolizes the fusion of Wisnu and Syiwa, represented in the figure of King Kertarajasa Jayawardhana who founded Majapahit Kingdom. A figure of a snail with long horns coming out of its shell is seen on the back of the right hand fingers of the statue, which was discovered in the remains of the Sumberjati Temple. The long horned snail is believed to symbolize the spiritual process of the release of the soul from the body. This figure is an evidence of why the Harihara is believed to be the funeral statue of King Kertarajasa.
…that the Dutch Mannlicher M95 rifle was the most widely used type of rifle by the Dutch military in the Archipelago?
The Dutch Mannlicher M95 rifle was produced by the Austrian firearms manufacturer Steyr for the Kingdom of the Netherlands's Armed Forces, the Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger (KNIL), during 1895-1945. As compared to other firearms, it is the most widely used type of rifle during the Dutch occupation, where as many as 470,000 units were in use.
Museum Perjuangan Sepuluh Nopember
…that the Heeren Zeventien influenced the implementation of capital punishment in Batavia?
A diorama of the scene of a hanging in the Jakarta History Museum depicted capital punishment that applied in Batavia for the crime of robbery and murder at the time of the VOC administration. Such capital punishment was actually ordained by the Heeren Zeventien, or Lords Seventeen, who were the board of directors of the VOC based in the Netherlands. The board, which comprised 17 persons, had a very strong position in the eyes of the Dutch monarch due to its contributions to the royal treasury at that time. This is why the Heeren Zeventien was given full authority to administer the Dutch Indies directly through the VOC. They were given the power to form military forces, establish defensive forts, govern by appointing governor generals and apply punishments.
Museum Sejarah Jakarta